INTRODUCTION. 40 nawawi Hadith

Praise be to Allah, Lord of
the worlds. Eternal Guardian
of the heavens and the
earths, Disposer of all
created beings, Despatcher
of Messengers (may the
blessings and peace of Allah
be upon them all) who were
sent to those they have
been entrusted to guide and
to reveal the religious laws
to, with positive signs and
clear-cut proofs. I praise Him
for His favours and ask Him
to increase His grace and
generosity. I bear witness
that there is no god but Allah
alone, He having no
associate, the One, the
Subduer, the Generous, the
Pardoner, and I bear
witness that our master
Muhammed is His servant
and His messenger, His dear
one and His beloved, the
best of created beings, who
was honoured with the
precious Quran, the enduring
miracle through the passing
of the years, and with the
sunnahs that enlighten
spiritual guides; our master
Muhammed, singled out for
pithiness of speech and
tolerance in religion may the
blessings and peace of Allah
be upon him, upon the rest
of the prophets and
messengers, and upon all
their families and upon the
rest of godly persons.
To proceed: It has been
transmitted to us on the
authority of Ali bin Abi Talib,
Abdullah bin Masud, Muadh
bin Jabal, Abu Al-Darda, Ibn
Omar, Ibn Abbas, Anas bin
Malik, Abu Hurairah and Abu
Saeed Al-Khudri, may Allah
be pleased with them all,
through many chains of
authorities and in various
versions, that the
messenger of Allah said:
"Whosoever memorises and
preserves for my people
forty hadith relating to their
religion, Allah will resurrect
him on the Day of Judgment
in the company of jurists and
religious scholars ".
In another version it reads:
"Allah will resurrect him as a
jurist and religious scholar ".
In the version of Abu Al-
Darda it reads: "On the Day
of Judgment I shall be an
intercessor and a witness
for him". In the version of
Ibn Masud it reads: "It will
be said to him: Enter by
whichever of the doors of
Paradise you wish ". In the
version of Ibn Omar it reads:
" He will be written down in
the company of the religious
scholars and will be
resurrected in the company
of the martyrs ". Scholars of
hadith are agreed that it is a
weak hadith despite its many
lines of transmission.
The religious scholars, may
Allah be pleased with them,
have composed innumerable
works in this field. The first
one I knew of who did so
was Abdullah bin Al-Mubarak,
followed by Ibn Aslam Al-
Tusi, the godly scholar, then
Al-Hasan bin Sufiyan Al-
Nasai, Abu Bakr Al-Ajurri,
Abu-Bakr Mubammad bin
Ibrahim Al-Asfihani, Al-
Daraqutni, Al-Hakim, Abu
Nuaim, Abu Abd Al-Rahman
Al-Sulami, Abu Saeed Al-
Malini, Abu Uthman Al-Saboni,
Abdullah bin Muhammed Al-
Ansari, Abu Bakr Al-Baihaqi,
and countless others, both
ancient and modern.
I have asked Allah Almightly
for guidance in bringing
together forty hadith in
emulation af those eminant
religious leaders and
guardians of Islam. Religious
scholars are agreed it is
permissible to put into
practice a weak hadith if
virtuous deeds are
concerned; despite this, I do
not rely on this hadith but on
his having said the
[ following ] sound hadith:
"Let him who was a
witness among you
inform him who was
absent" , and on his having
said : "May Allah make
radiant [the face of]
someone who has heard
what I have said, has
learnt it by heart and
has transmitted it as he
heard it" . Furthermore,
there were some religious
scholars who brought
together forty hadiths on the
basic rules of religion, on
subsidiary matters, or on
jihad, while others did so on
asceticism, on rules of
conduct or on sermons. All
these are godly aims-may
Allah be pleased with those
who pursued them. I,
however, considered it best
to bring together forty hadith
more important than all of
these, being forty hadith
which would incolporate all of
these, each hadith being one
of the great precepts of
religion, described by
religious scholars as being
"the axis of Islam " or "the
half of Islam" or "the third of
it ", or the like, and to make
it a rule that these forty
hadith be [classified as]
sound and that the majority
of them be in the sahihs of
Al-Bukhari and Muslim. I give
them without the chains of
authorities so as to make it
easier to memorise them and
to make them of wider benefit
if Allah Almighty wills, and I
append to them a section
explaining abstruse
expressions.(Note here)
every person wishing to
attain the Hereafter should
know these hadith because
of the important matters they
contain and the directions
they give in respect of all
forms of obedience, this
being obvious to anyone who
has reflected upon it. On
Allah do I rely and depend
and to Him do I entrust
myself; to Him be praise and
grace, and with Him is
success and immunity [to


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