Teaching Children to Memorise the Qur’an

Teaching Children to Memorise the
Qur’an
~~~~~~~~~~~~***~~~~~~~~~~~
Allah revealed in the Qur’an; “Allah has
favoured the believers by sending them a
messenger from among themselves, to recite His verses to them, and teach them
the book.” The Prophet (saws) stated;
“The best of you is he who has learnt the
Qur’an and then taught
it.” (Bukhari) As we can see, (or should I
say read), Qur’an recitation as related by Allah and the Prophet (saws) is very
important in Islam. We should illustrate
this importance within our home
educational routine. The following are
some steps that will help facilitate the
memorising process. Before One Begins to memorise Whether memorising the
Qur’an or doing anything for Allah, a most
important obligation is to purify the
intention and correct the goal. Thus,
one’s concern to memorise Qur’an and
preserve it must be secured for Allah, for gaining His paradise and attaining His
pleasure and for acquiring the great
rewards that are reserved for those who
recite the Qur’an and memorise it.
Reiterate to your children the
significance of intention and do not restrict its importance to just Qur’anic
memorization. Being aware that the
Qur’an is in fact easy to memorise for the
one who desires to do so due to the
saying of Allah; “And we have made the
Qur’an easy for remembrance (and understanding), so there is one that will
receive admonition?” [Qur’an 54:22]
Practical Steps for memorising Correcting
Pronunciation and Recitation The next
step in memorising the Qur’an is to
correct the pronunciation. This cannot be fulfilled unless one listens to a good
precise reciter or someone who has
memorised of the Qur’an. If you are not a
good reciter then find someone in your
community that is insha’Allah. If you are
unable to find anyone then utilize Qur’anic tapes by reputable reciters
Insha’Allah. Utilize this opportunity to
increase your own memorization
Insha’Allah. The Prophet (saws) learned
the Qur’an from Jibreel orally. Also the
Messenger (saws) used to recite the Qur’an to Jibreel once in every year – in
Ramadan. And in the year that he died,
he recited it twice. Likewise, the
Messenger (saws) taught the Qur’an to
his Companions orally; and he heard it
from them, after the had learned it from him, time and again. One must set a daily
limit for the amount of Qur’an that one
wishes to memorise. This limit should be
reasonable and possible to fulfil. This
teaches goal attainment and also a
feeling of completion and daily achievement. Help your children set
realistic goals Insha’Allah. One should
resist the temptation to move to a new
portion of the Qur’an before perfecting
the memorization of the current portion
that agrees with the set limit. This is a disciplinary measure that helps one
concentrate on one thing at a time,
reducing interruption, and enabling one
to firmly establish one’s current portion in
one’s mind. Continual Recitation and
Review Once one has corrected their recitation and set their daily limit, one
should begin their memorization process
by continual recitation and repetition of
his daily portion. This will ensure that the
portion will be retained within the long-
term memory instead of the short-term memory where it can be easily forgotten.
The recitation can be reaffirmed; In the
fard (obligatory) as well as the nafl
(optional) prayers While sitting in the
Masjid awaiting the jama’ah prayer
Before going to sleep While waiting for anything (bus, dentist, etc.) While riding
the bus, car, etc. In this way, it is possible
for a person to practice their
memorization
even when occupied with other matters,
because they are not restricted to just one specific time for memorising the
Qur’an. By the end of the day, one will
find that their set limit is memorised and
firmly established in their mind. Make this
repetition enjoyable for the children and
not a chore. They should enjoy reciting the Qur’an and not view it as a chore
Insha’Allah. Reciting in a Melodic Tone It
is important that one reads melodically.
This is important for the following
reasons; Melodic recitation conforms to
the Sunnah of the Prophet (saws) who used to recite the Qur’an in a melodious
and tranquil manner. The Prophet (saws)
stated, “Whoever does not chant the
Qur’an (recite it melodiously) is not of
us.” (Bukhari) It is pleasing to one’s ears,
providing incentive to continue with the memorization. It helps make one’s
memorization firm and strong. The
tongue will always return to a specific
tone of voice, and would thus detect a
mistake whenever the balance or
harmony on one’s recitation becomes disordered. Using the Same Copy of the
Qur’an A memoriser of Qur’an should
have a specific mushaf (copy of the
Qur’an) from which they read all the time.
Give each child their own Qur’an for
memorization Insha’Allah. A person memorises using vision as they do using
hearing. The script and form of the ayat,
and their places in the mushaf leave an
imprint in the mind when they are recited
and looked at frequently. The positions
of the ayat would be different in different types of mushafs, and the script may be
different also. This confuses the memory
and makes memorising more difficult.
Understanding is the Way to memorising
An important thing that greatly aids the
process of memorising Qur’an is to understand the meaning of the ayat one
is memorising, and know how they are
linked to each other. Thus the memoriser
should read the tafsir (explanation) of the
ayat that they desire to memorise, and
should bring their meanings to mind while
they are reciting them. This makes it
easier for them to remember. Try to
establish a daily routine of reading tafsir
with your children insha’Allah. Have the
readings relate to the ayaat they are currently memorising. As one completes
memorising a full surah (chapter of the
Qur’an), they should perfect it by
connecting its ayaat together, both in
meaning and in the flow of their tongue.
When the ayaat are well linked and perfected, one should be able to recite
them almost as easily as they recite al-
Fatihah. This only occurs through
repeating these ayats frequently and
reciting them often. Reciting to Others A
memoriser should not rely on memorising individually. Rather, they should test their
memorization by reciting the ayat to a
companion who knows them by heart, or
who can follow from the mushaf. It is very
common for one to make mistakes in
memorising a surah, without realizing it – even when one looks at the mushaf.
Reading often races the eyesight; and
one may overlook their mistakes while
reading from the mushaf. Reciting Qur’an
to a knowing companion is a means of
avoiding these errors and keeping their mind constantly alert. You as a parent
can be this companion, a member in the
community, or even a sibling if they are
knowledgeable enough to recognize
errors. Constant review of What has
Been memorised The Qur’an is different than any other material that one
memories, whether poetry or prose. It
quickly evaporates from one’s mind.
Allah’s Messenger (saws) said; “Guard
the Qur’an (in your memory); for by Him in
whose Hand is my soul, it slips away faster than tied camels.” (Bukhari and
Muslim) No sooner would the Prophet
(saws) leave, and they would forget what
they had finished memorising, even after
a short while, it started slipping away
from them – they quickly forget it! Thus, it is necessary for one to follow up on what
they have memorised in a constant and
careful manner. In this regard, the
Messenger (saws) said; “Verily, the
example of a possessor (in memory) of
Qur’an is like a possessor of tied camels. If he watches over them carefully, he
would keep them, if he lets them loose,
they would run away from him.” (Bukhari
and Muslim) We must ensure that our
children watch over the camels carefully
and have an allocated portion of the Qur’an that they constantly read each
day. Only with this constant revision, and
constant watch, they would retain what
they memorised from the Qur’an and
protect it from slipping away. Watching
for Analogous Sections of the Qur’an Various parts of the Qur’an resemble
each other in meaning, wording or
repetition of ayat. Allah states; “Allah has
sent down the most beautiful of speech,
a Book, (parts of it) resembling (others),
often repeated. The skins of those who fear their Lord shiver from it. Then their
skins and their hearts soften to the
remembrance of Allah.” [Qur’an 39:23]
The Qur’an consists of more than six
thousand ayat. Of those approximately
two thousand carry some sort of resemblance to others.
The resemblance varies from total
coincidence, to a difference in one letter,
a word or two, or more. Thus a good
reciter of the Qur’an should direct special
attention to the ayat that resemble each other in wording. The excellence of one’s
memorization depends on this
watchfulness in this regard. Taking
Advantage of the Golden Hours of the
Day The best time of the day to
memorise Qur’an is the last part of the night that precedes the fajr (dawn)
prayer, or the early morning hours that
follows it. At this time, the body is rested
and fresh, the mind is clear and sound,
the worldly attractions are few and
remote, and the blessings abundant. Taking Advantage of the Golden years of
memorising Successful is he indeed who
takes advantage of the best years of
memorization, which are approximately
from the age of five to twenty-three –
these are the golden years of memorising. We must encourage our
children to take advantage of this
wonderful opportunity Insha’Allah. This
article was adapted from A Guide for
Memorising the Noble Qur’an. English
Translation and Compilation by Amjad ibn Muhammad Rafiq.
Edited and Supplemented by Muhammad
al-Jibali.

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s