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Ahlul Bayt (The Blessed family of Prophet) 01

Ahlul Bayt (ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ
ﻋﻠﻴﻪ)
ﻭَﻗَﺮْﻥَ ﻓِﻲ ﺑُﻴُﻮﺗِﻜُﻦَّ ﻭَﻻَ
ﺗَﺒَﺮَّﺟْﻦَ ﺗَﺒَﺮُّﺝَ ﭐﻟْﺠَﺎﻫِﻠِﻴَّﺔِ
ﭐﻷُﻭﻟَﻰٰ ﻭَﺃَﻗِﻤْﻦَ ﭐﻟﺼَّﻼَﺓَ
ﻭَﺁﺗِﻴﻦَ ﭐﻟﺰَّﻛَـﺎﺓَ ﻭَﺃَﻃِﻌْﻦَ
ﭐﻟﻠَّﻪَ ﻭَﺭَﺳُﻮﻟَﻪُ ﺇِﻧَّﻤَﺎ ﻳُﺮِﻳﺪُ ﭐﻟﻠَّﻪُ
ﻟِﻴُﺬْﻫِﺐَ ﻋَﻨﻜُـﻢُ ﭐﻟﺮِّﺟْﺲَ ﺃَﻫْﻞَ
ﭐﻟْﺒَﻴْﺖِ ﻭَﻳُﻄَﻬِّﺮَﻛُﻢْ ﺗَﻄْﻬِﻴـﺮﺍً
Translation: And stay
quietly in your houses,
and make not a dazzling
display, like that of the
former Times of
Ignorance; and establish
regular Prayer, and give
regular Charity; and
obey Allah and His
Messenger. And Allah
only wishes to remove
all abomination from
you, ye members of the
Family, and to make you
pure and spotless.
(Quran-33:33)
In Light of Quran
The
Wives of the Prophet
are Members of His
Household (Ahl Al-Bayt)
ﺇِﻧَّﻤَﺎ ﻳُﺮِﻳﺪُ ﺍﻟﻠَّﻪُ ﻟِﻴُﺬْﻫِﺐَ ﻋَﻨﻜُـﻢُ
ﺍﻟﺮِّﺟْﺲَ ﺃَﻫْﻞَ ﺍﻟْﺒَﻴْﺖِ
ﻭَﻳُﻄَﻬِّﺮَﻛُﻢْ ﺗَﻄْﻬِﻴــﺮﺍً
Translation: Allah
wishes only to remove
Ar-Rijs from you, O
members of the family,
and to purify you with a
thorough purification
[33:33]
Tafsir Ibn Kathir: This
is a clear statement
that the wives of the
Prophet are included
among the members
of his family (Ahl Al-
Bayt) here, because
they are the reason
why this Ayah was
revealed, and the
scholars are
unanimously agreed
that they were the
reason for revelation in
this case, whether this
was the only reason for
revelation or there was
also another reason,
which is the correct
view. Ibn Jarir recorded
that `Ikrimah used to
call out in the
marketplace
ﺇِﻧَّﻤَﺎ ﻳُﺮِﻳﺪُ ﺍﻟﻠَّﻪُ ﻟِﻴُﺬْﻫِﺐَ ﻋَﻨﻜُـﻢُ
ﺍﻟﺮِّﺟْﺲَ ﺃَﻫْﻞَ ﺍﻟْﺒَﻴْﺖِ
ﻭَﻳُﻄَﻬِّﺮَﻛُﻢْ ﺗَﻄْﻬِﻴــﺮﺍً
Translation:Allah
wishes only to remove
Ar-Rijs from you, O
members of the family,
and to purify you with a
thorough purification
[Quran-33:33]
Tafsir Ibn Kathir:
"This was revealed
solely concerning the
wives of the
Prophet.'' Ibn Abi
Hatim recorded that Ibn
`Abbas said concerning
the Ayah
The
Family of Fatimah (ﺳﻼﻡ
ﺍﻟﻠﮧ ﻋﻠﻴﮭﺎ) is the Ahl-ul-
bait (People of the
House)
ﺇِﻧَّﻤَﺎ ﻳُﺮِﻳﺪُ ﺍﻟﻠَّﻪُ ﻟِﻴُﺬْﻫِﺐَ ﻋَﻨﻜُـﻢُ
ﺍﻟﺮِّﺟْﺲَ ﺃَﻫْﻞَ ﺍﻟْﺒَﻴْﺖِ
Translation: Allah
wishes only to remove
Ar-Rijs from you, O
members of the family
[Quran-33:33]
Tafsir Ibn Kathir: "It
was revealed solely
concerning the wives of
the Prophet .'' `Ikrimah
said: "Whoever
disagrees with me that
it was revealed solely
concerning the wives of
the Prophet , I am
prepared to meet with
him and pray and invoke
the curse of Allah upon
those who are lying.'' So
they alone were the
reason for revelation,
but others may be
included by way of
generalization. Ibn Jarir
narrated that Safiyyah
bint Shaybah said:
" `A'ishah, may Allah
be pleased with her,
said, `The Prophet
went out one
morning wearing a
striped cloak of black
camel's hair. Al-
Hasan, may Allah be
pleased with him,
came and he
wrapped him in the
cloak with him. Then
Al-Husayn, may Allah
be pleased with him,
came and he
wrapped him in the
cloak with him. Then
Fatimah, may Allah
be pleased with her,
came and he
wrapped her in the
cloak with him. Then
`Ali, may Allah be
pleased with him,
came and he
wrapped him in the
cloak with him, then
he said:
ﺇِﻧَّﻤَﺎ ﻳُﺮِﻳﺪُ ﺍﻟﻠَّﻪُ ﻟِﻴُﺬْﻫِﺐَ ﻋَﻨﻜُـﻢُ
ﺍﻟﺮِّﺟْﺲَ ﺃَﻫْﻞَ ﺍﻟْﺒَﻴْﺖِ
ﻭَﻳُﻄَﻬِّﺮَﻛُﻢْ ﺗَﻄْﻬِﻴــﺮ
Allah wishes only to
remove Ar-Rijs from
you, O members of the
family, and to purify
you with a thorough
purification.) This was
recorded by Muslim.
Imam Jalal ud din
Suyuti (rah): writes in
his magnificent Tafsir
Dur ul Munthur
ﻭﺃﺧﺮﺝ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺃﺑﻲ ﺣﺎﺗﻢ ﻭﺍﺑﻦ
ﻋﺴﺎﻛﺮ ﻣﻦ ﻃﺮﻳﻖ ﻋﻜﺮﻣﺔ
ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻋﻦ ﺍﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ
ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻬﻤﺎ ﻓﻲ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ
} ﺇﻧﻤﺎ ﻳﺮﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻟﻴﺬﻫﺐ
ﻋﻨﻜﻢ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﺲ، ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ {
ﻗﺎﻝ: ﻧﺰﻟﺖ ﻓﻲ ﻧﺴﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ
ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ
Translation: Imam Ibn
Abi Hatim and Ibn
Asakir narrate from the
route of Akrama (ra)
who narrated from Ibn
Abbas (ra) that {Allah
only wishes to remove
all abomination from
you, ye members of the
Family} was revealed
regarding the blessed
wives of Prophet
(Peace be upon him)
[Tafsir Dur ul Munthur,
Volume No. 5, Page No.
562]
Imam Suyuti (rah)
further quotes this
hadith:
ﻭﺃﺧﺮﺝ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺳﻌﺪ ﻋﻦ ﻋﺮﻭﺓ
ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻪ } ﺇﻧﻤﺎ ﻳﺮﻳﺪ
ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻟﻴﺬﻫﺐ ﻋﻨﻜﻢ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﺲ
ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ { ﻗﺎﻝ: ﻳﻌﻨﻲ
ﺃﺯﻭﺍﺝ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ
ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻧﺰﻟﺖ ﻓﻲ ﺑﻴﺖ ﻋﺎﺋﺸﺔ
ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ
Translation: Imam Ibn
S’ad (ra) narrates from
Urwa (ra) who said:
Ahlul Bayt refers to
wives of Prophet
(Peace be upon him).
This verse was
revealed regarding
Hadrat Aisha (ra)
How it specifically
refers to blood relatives
of Prophet (i.e. Imam
Ali, Fatima, Hassan and
Hussain – Ridhwan
Allaho Ajmain)
Imam Suyuti narrates:
ﻭﺃﺧﺮﺝ ﺍﻟﺘﺮﻣﺬﻱ ﻭﺻﺤﺤﻪ
ﻭﺍﺑﻦ ﺟﺮﻳﺮ ﻭﺍﺑﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺬﺭ
ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺎﻛﻢ ﻭﺻﺤﺤﻪ ﻭﺍﺑﻦ
ﻣﺮﺩﻭﻳﻪ ﻭﺍﻟﺒﻴﻬﻘﻲ ﻓﻲ ﺳﻨﻨﻪ
ﻣﻦ ﻃﺮﻕ ﻋﻦ ﺃﻡ ﺳﻠﻤﺔ
ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ ﻗﺎﻟﺖ:
ﻓﻲ ﺑﻴﺘﻲ ﻧﺰﻟﺖ } ﺇﻧﻤﺎ ﻳﺮﻳﺪ
ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻟﻴﺬﻫﺐ ﻋﻨﻜﻢ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﺲ
ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ { ﻭﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ
ﻓﺎﻃﻤﺔ، ﻭﻋﻠﻲ، ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺴﻦ،
ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺴﻴﻦ. ﻓﺠﻠﻠﻬﻢ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ
ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ
ﺑﻜﺴﺎﺀ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ، ﺛﻢ ﻗﺎﻝ "
ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺑﻴﺘﻲ ﻓﺎﺫﻫﺐ
ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﺲ، ﻭﻃﻬﺮﻫﻢ
ﺗﻄﻬﻴﺮﺍً "
Translation: It is
narrated by Imam
Tirimdhi and he declared
it “SAHIH”.. Imam Ibn
Jarir, Ibn Mundhir and
Imam Hakim who also
declared it “SAHIH” plus
Imam Ibn Murduya and
Baihaqi in his Sunnan
narrate from the route
of Umm Salama (ra)
who said:
This ayah was revealed
in my house when in
the house were present
Fatima, Ali, Hassan and
Hussain (Ridhwan Allaho
Ajmain). The Prophet
(Peace be upon him)
covered them in his
own cloak and then
said: (O Allah) these are
my Ahlul Bayt, remove
all abomination from
them and make them
pure and spotless
[Tafsir Dur ul Munthur,
Volume No. 5, Page No.
563]
ﻭﺃﺧﺮﺝ ﺍﺑﻦ ﺟﺮﻳﺮ ﻭﺍﺑﻦ ﺃﺑﻲ
ﺣﺎﺗﻢ ﻭﺍﻟﻄﺒﺮﺍﻧﻲ ﻋﻦ ﺃﺑﻲ
ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﺨﺪﺭﻱ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻪ
ﻗﺎﻝ: ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ
ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ " ﻧﺰﻟﺖ ﻫﺬﻩ
ﺍﻵﻳﺔ ﻓﻲ ﺧﻤﺴﺔ: ﻓﻲّ، ﻭﻓﻲ
ﻋﻠﻲ، ﻭﻓﺎﻃﻤﺔ، ﻭﺣﺴﻦ،
ﻭﺣﺴﻴﻦ، } ﺇﻧﻤﺎ ﻳﺮﻳﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ
ﻟﻴﺬﻫﺐ ﻋﻨﻜﻢ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﺲ ﺃﻫﻞ
ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ ﻭﻳﻄﻬﺮﻛﻢ ﺗﻄﻬﻴﺮﺍً}
".
Translation: Imam Ibn
Jarir, Ibn Abi Hatim and
Imam Tabarani narrate
from Hadrat Abu Sa’id
al Khudri (ra) who
narrates from the
Prophet (Peace be upon
him) who said: This
ayah is revealed
about 5 personalities
(1) Myself (2) Ali (3)
Fatima (4) Hassan
and (5) Hussain
(Allah’s Peace and
blessings be upon
them all)
In Light of Hadith
The
Family of Fatimah (ﺳﻼﻡ
ﺍﻟﻠﮧ ﻋﻠﻴﮭﺎ) is the Ahl-ul-
bait (People of the
House)
Hadith #1
ﻋﻦ ﺃﻧﺲ ﺑﻦ ﻣﺎﻟﻚ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ
ﻋﻨﻪ: ﺃﻥ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ
ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻛﺎﻥ ﻳﻤﺮ ﺑﺒﺎﺏ
ﻓﺎﻃﻤﺔ ﺳﺘﺔ ﺃﺷﻬﺮ ﺇﺫﺍ ﺧﺮﺝ
ﺇﻟﻰ
ﺻﻼﺓ ﺍﻟﻔﺠﺮ، ﻳﻘﻮﻝ: ﺍﻟﺼﻼﺓ!
ﻳﺎ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺒﻴﺖ: ) ﺇِﻧَّﻤَﺎ ﻳُﺮِﻳﺪُ
ﺍﻟﻠﻪُ ﻟِﻴُﺬْﻫِﺐَ ﻋَﻨﻜُﻢُ ﺍﻟﺮِّﺟْﺲَ
ﺃَﻫْﻞَ ﺍﻟْﺒَﻴْﺖِ ﻭَﻳُﻄَﻬِّﺮَﻛُﻢْ
ﺗَﻄْﻬِﻴﺮًﺍ
Ans bin Malik (RA)
narrates that when the
Holy Prophet (SAW)
used to come out for
Fajr (dawn) prayer, as
he passed the door
of Fatimah ( ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﻠﮧ
ﻋﻠﯿﮭﺎ), he used to say,
“O ‘people of the
house’, perform your
prayer” and then he
used to recite the
following verse from
the Holy Quran: “Allah
only desires to keep
away (all kinds of)
impurity from you, O
‘people of the house’!
(the Prophet’s family)
and to totally purify
you,”
References
►Tirmidhi, al-Jami-us-
sahih (5:352#3206)
►Ahmad bin Hambal, al-
Musnad (3:259,285)
►Ahmad bin Hambal,
Fadail-us-sahabah
(2:761#1340, 1341)
►Ibn Abi Shaybah, al-
Musnnaf (6:388#32272)
►Shaybani, al-Aahad
wal-mathani
(5:360#2953)
►Abd bin Humaid, al-
Musnad (p.367#1223)
►Hakim, al-Mustadrak
(3:172#4748)
►Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-
kabir (3:56#2671)
►Bukhari related it from
Abul Hamra in al-Kuna
(p.25# 205). In the
tradition this routine of
the Prophet (A) was
carried out for a period
of nine months.
►Abd bin Humayd has
related the same
tradition from Bukhari in
al-Musnad (p.173# 475).
[al-Ahzab 33:33] (he did
this) for six months.
Hadith #2
ﻋﻦ ﺻﻔﻴﺔ ﺑﻨﺖ ﺷﻴﺒﺔ، ﻗﺎﻟﺖ:
ﻗﺎﻟﺖ ﻋﺎﺋﺸﺔ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ :
ﺧﺮﺝ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ
ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻏﺪﺍﺓ ﻭﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻣﺮﻁ
ﻣﺮﺣﻞ
ﻣﻦ ﺷﻌﺮ ﺃﺳﻮﺩ. ﻓﺠﺎﺀ
ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻦ ﺑﻦ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻓﺄﺩﺧﻠﻪ، ﺛﻢ
ﺟﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻴﻦ ﻓﺪﺧﻞ ﻣﻌﻪ ﺛﻢ
ﺟﺎﺀﺕ ﻓﺎﻃﻤﺔ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ
ﻓﺄﺩﺧﻠﻬﺎ، ﺛﻢ
ﺟﺎﺀ ﻋﻠﻲ ﻓﺄﺩﺧﻠﻪ، ﺛﻢ ﻗﺎﻝ:
)ﺇِﻧَّﻤَﺎ ﻳُﺮِﻳﺪُ ﺍﻟﻠَّﻪُ ﻟِﻴُﺬْﻫِﺐَ ﻋَﻨﻜُﻢُ
ﺍﻟﺮِّﺟْﺲَ ﺃَﻫْﻞَ ﺍﻟْﺒَﻴْﺖِ
ﻭَﻳُﻄَﻬِّﺮَﻛُﻢْ ﺗَﻄْﻬِﻴﺮًﺍ
Safiyyah the daughter
of Shaybah narrates
that Ayeshah ( ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ
ﻋﻨﻬﺎ) said, “The Holy
Prophet (SAW) came
out one morning
wearing a cloak which
had camel saddles
woven on to it with
black wool. Then Hasan
bin Ali (RA) came and
the Holy Prophet (SAW)
took him under the
cloak, then Husain (RA)
came and entered
beneath it with the Holy
Prophet (SAW). Then
Fatimah (ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﻠﮧ
ﻋﻠﯿﮭﺎ) came and the Holy
Prophet (SAW) took her
under the cloak. Next Ali
(ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﺟﻬﻪ) came
and the Holy Prophet
(SAW) also included him
beneath it. Then the
Holy Prophet
Muhammad (SAW)
recited the verse, ‘Allah
only desires to keep
away (all kinds of)
impurity from you, O
‘people of the
house!’ (the Prophet’s
family) and to totally
purify you,’ (al-Ahzab
33:33).”
References
►Muslim, as-Sahih
(4:1883#2424)
►Ibn Abi Shaybah, al-
Musannaf
(6:370#36102)
►Ahmad bin Hambal,
Fadail-us-sahabah
(2:672#1149)
►Ibn Rahawayh, al-
Musnad (3:678#1271)
►Hakim, al-Mustadrak
(3:159#4705)
►Bayhaqi, as-Sunan-ul-
kubra (2:149)
►Tabari, Jami-ul-bayan
fi tafsir al-Quran
(22:6,7)
►Baghawi, Maalim-ut-
tanzil (3:529)
►Ibn Kathir, Tafsir-ul-
Quran al-azim (3:485)
►Suyuti, ad-Durr-ul-
manthur fit-tafsir-bil-
mathur (6:605)
Hadith #3
ﻋﻦ ﻋﻤﺮ ﺑﻦ ﺃﺑﻲ ﺳﻠﻤﺔ ﺭﺑﻴﺐ
ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ
ﻗﺎﻝ: ﻟﻤﺎ ﻧﺰﻟﺖ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻵﻳﺔ ﻋﻠﻰ
ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ
)ﺇِﻧَّﻤَﺎ ﻳُﺮِﻳﺪُ ﺍﻟﻠَّﻪُ ﻟِﻴُﺬْﻫِﺐَ ﻋَﻨﻜُﻢُ
ﺍﻟﺮِّﺟْﺲَ ﺃَﻫْﻞَ ﺍﻟْﺒَﻴْﺖِ
ﻭَﻳُﻄَﻬِّﺮَﻛُﻢْ ﺗَﻄْﻬِﻴﺮًﺍ ( ﻓﻲ
ﺑﻴﺖ ﺃﻡ ﺳﻠﻤﺔ، ﻓﺪﻋﺎ ﻓﺎﻃﻤﺔ
ﻭ ﺣﺴﻨﺎ ﻭ ﺣﺴﻴﻨﺎ
ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﻓﺠﻠﻠﻬﻢ
ﺑﻜﺴﺎﺀ ﻭﻋﻠﻲ ﺧﻠﻒ ﻇﻬﺮﻩ
ﻓﺠﻠﻠﻪ ﺑﻜﺴﺎﺀ، ﺛﻢ ﻗﺎﻝ: ﺍﻟﻠﻬﻢ !
ﻫﺆﻻﺀ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺑﻴﺘﻲ ﻓﺄﺫﻫﺐ
ﻋﻨﻬﻢ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﺲ
ﻭﻃﻬﺮﻫﻢ ﺗﻄﻬﻴﺮﺍ
Umar bin Abi Salamah
(RA) who was brought
up by the Prophet
(SAW) narrates that
when the verse, “Allah
only desires to keep
away (all kinds of)
impurity from you, O
‘people of the
house!’ (the
Prophet’s family) and
to totally purify you,”
(al-Ahzab 33:33), was
revealed to the Holy
Prophet (SAW) at the
home of Umm Salamah
( ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ), he
(SAW) called Fatimah
(ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﻠﮧ ﻋﻠﯿﮭﺎ), Hasan
(RA) and Husain (RA)
and covered them with
a cloak. Ali(ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ
ﻭﺟﻬﻪ) was behind him
(SAW), the Holy Prophet
(SAW) also covered him
under the same cloak
and then said, “Oh Allah!
These are my ahl-ul-
bait (‘people of the
house’) so keep
impurity away from
them and totally purify
them.”
References
►Tirmidhi, al-Jami-us-
sahih
(5:351,663#3205,3787)
►Ahmad bin Hambal, al-
Musnad (6:292)
►Ahmad bin Hambal,
Fadail-us-sahabah
(2:587#994)
►Bayhaqi related it with
slightly different words
in as-sunan-ul-kubra
(2:150).
►Hakim, al-Mustadrak
(2:451#3558)
►Hakim, al-Mustadrak
(3:158#4705)
►Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-
kabir (3:54#2662)
►Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-
kabir (9:25#8295)
►Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-
awsat (4:134#3799)
►Baihaqi, al-Itiqad
(p.327)
Hadith #4
ﻋﻦ ﺃﺑﻲ ﺳﻌﻴﺪ ﺍﻟﺨﺪﺭﻱ
ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻪ ﻓﻲ ﻗﻮﻟﻪ:
)ﺇِﻧَّﻤَﺎ ﻳُﺮِﻳﺪُ ﺍﻟﻠَّﻪُ ﻟِﻴُﺬْﻫِﺐَ ﻋَﻨﻜُﻢُ
ﺍﻟﺮِّﺟْﺲَ ﺃَﻫْﻞَ ﺍﻟْﺒَﻴْﺖِ ( ﻗﺎﻝ:
ﻧﺰﻟﺖ ﻓﻲ ﺧﻤﺴﺔ: ﻓﻲ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ
ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻭ
ﻋﻠﻲ ﻭ ﻓﺎﻃﻤﺔ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻦ ﻭ
ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻴﻦ ﺭﺿﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻬﻢ
Abu Saeed Khudri (RA)
has said about the
verse, “Allah only
desires to keep away
(all kinds of) impurity
from you, O ‘people of
the house’!…”, that it
was revealed in honour
of the following five
personalities: the
Messenger of Allah
(SAW), Ali (ﻛﺮﻡ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ
ﻭﺟﻬﻪ), Fatimah (ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﻠﮧ
ﻋﻠﯿﮭﺎ), Hasan (RA) and
Husain (RA).
References
►Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-
awsat (3:380#3456)
►Tabarani, al-Mujam-
us-saghir (1:231#375)
►Ibn Hayyan, Tabaqat-
ul-muhadditheen bi
Asbhan (3# 384)
►Khateeb Baghdadi,
Tareekh Baghdad
(10:278)
►Tabari, Jami-ul-bayan
fi tafsir al-Quran (22:6)
Hadith #5
ﺣﺪﺛﻨﺎ ﻧﺼﺮ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﺮﺣﻤﻦ
ﺍﻟﻜﻮﻓﻲ ﺣﺪﺛﻨﺎ ﺯﻳﺪ ﺑﻦ
ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻦ ﻫﻮ
ﺍﻷﻧﻤﺎﻃﻲ ﻋﻦ ﺟﻌﻔﺮ ﺑﻦ
ﻣﺤﻤﺪ ﻋﻦ ﺃﺑﻴﻪ ﻋﻦ ﺟﺎﺑﺮ
ﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺪ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺃﻳﺖ
ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ
ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻓﻲ ﺣﺠﺘﻪ
ﻳﻮﻡ ﻋﺮﻓﺔ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻋﻠﻰ ﻧﺎﻗﺘﻪ
ﺍﻟﻘﺼﻮﺍﺀ ﻳﺨﻄﺐ ﻓﺴﻤﻌﺘﻪ
ﻳﻘﻮﻝ ﻳﺎ ﺃﻳﻬﺎ ﺍﻟﻨﺎﺱ ﺇﻧﻲ
ﻗﺪ ﺗﺮﻛﺖ ﻓﻴﻜﻢ ﻣﺎ ﺇﻥ
ﺃﺧﺬﺗﻢ ﺑﻪ ﻟﻦ ﺗﻀﻠﻮﺍ ﻛﺘﺎﺏ
ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﻋﺘﺮﺗﻲ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺑﻴﺘﻲ
ﻗﺎﻝ ﻭﻫﺬﺍ ﺣﺪﻳﺚ ﺣﺴﻦ
Narrated by Jabir ibn
Abdullah: Jabir saw
Allah's Messenger
(peace be upon him)
when performing the
hajj seated on his she-
camel al-Qaswa' on the
day of Arafah giving an
address, and he heard
him saying, “O people,
I have left among
you something of
such a nature that if
you adhere to it you
will not go astray:
Allah's Book and my
close relatives who
belong to my
household.” [Sunan
Tirmidhi Volume 005,
Book 162, Hadith
Number 3718] Imam
Tirmidhi (rah) said: It is
hassan
Virtues of Ahle Bait
(People of the House)
Fatimah (ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﻠﮧ ﻋﻠﻴﮭﺎ)
Fatimah (ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﻠﮧ
ﻋﻠﯿﮭﺎ) is the leader of
all women
Hadith #1
ﻋﻦ ﻣﺴﺮﻭﻕ: ﺣﺪﺛﺘﻨﻲ
ﻋﺎﺋﺸﺔ ﺃﻡ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﻣﻨﻴﻦ ﺭﺿﻲ
ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ، ﻗﺎﻟﺖ: ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ
ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ: ﻳﺎ
ﻓﺎﻃﻤﺔ! ﺃﻻ ﺗﺮﺿﻴﻦ ﺃﻥ
ﺗﻜﻮﻧﻲ ﺳﻴﺪﺓ ﻧﺴﺎﺀ
ﺍﻟﻤﺆﻣﻨﻴﻦ، ﺃﻭ ﺳﻴﺪﺓ ﻧﺴﺎﺀ
ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻣﺔ
Masruq narrates from
the Mother of the
Believers Ayeshah ( ﺭﺿﻲ
ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ) that the Holy
Prophet (SAW) said,
“Fatimah, are you
not happy that you
are the leader of the
women of all the
believers or the
leader of the women
of this ummah.”
References
►Bukhari, as-Sahih
(5:2317#5928)
►Muslim, as-Sahih
(4:1905#2450)
►Nasai, Fadail-us-
sahabah (p.77#263)
►Ahmad bin Hambal,
Fadail-us-sahabah
(2:762#1342)
►Tayalisi, al-Musnad
(p.196#1373)
►Ibn Sad, at-Tabaqat-
ul-kubra (2:247)
►Dawlabi, az-Zurriyah
at-tahirah
(p.101,102#188)
►Abu Nauym, Hilyat-ul-
awliya wa tabaqat-ul-
asfiya (2:39, 40)
►Dhahabi, Siyar alam
an-nubala (2:130)
Hadith #2
ﻋﻦ ﺃﺑﻲ ﻫﺮﻳﺮﺓ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ
ﻋﻨﻪ ﺃﻥ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ
ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻗﺎﻝ: ﺇﻥ ﻣﻠﻜﺎ
ﻣﻦ ﺍﻟﺴﻤﺎﺀ ﻟﻢ ﻳﻜﻦ ﺯﺍﺭﻧﻲ،
ﻓﺎﺳﺘﺄﺫﻥ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻓﻲ ﺯﻳﺎﺭﺗﻲ،
ﻓﺒﺸﺮﻧﻲ ﺃﻭ ﺃﺧﺒﺮﻧﻲ: ﺃﻥ
ﻓﺎﻃﻤﺔ ﺳﻴﺪﺓ ﻧﺴﺎﺀ ﺃﻣﺘﻲ
Abu Hurairah (RA)
narrates that the Holy
Prophet (SAW) said,
“An angel in the skies
who had not seen me
requested permission
from Allah (SWT) to
see me (which he was
granted); he told me
the good news or
brought me the news
that Fatimah (ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﻠﮧ
ﻋﻠﯿﮭﺎ) is the leader of
all women in my
nation.”
References
►Bukhari, at-Tarikh-ul-
kabir (1:232#728)
►Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-
kabir (22:403#1006)
►Haythami said in
Majma-uz-zawaid
(9:201) this tradition
has been narrated by
Tabarani and has
declared its narrators
sahih (sound) except
Muhammad bin Marwan
Zahli. While Ibn Hibban
has declared
Muhammad bin Marwan
Zahli as very sound.
►Dhahabi, Siyar alam
an-nubala (2:127)
►Mizzi, Tahdhib-ul-
kamal (26:391)
Hadith #3
ﻋﻦ ﻋﺎﺋﺸﺔ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ
ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻨﺒﻲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ
ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻗﺎﻝ ﻭﻫﻮ ﻓﻲ ﻣﺮﺿﻪ
ﺍﻟﺬﻱ ﺗﻮﻓﻲ ﻓﻴﻪ: ﻳﺎ ﻓﺎﻃﻤﺔ !
ﺃﻻ ﺗﺮﺿﻴﻦ ﺃﻥ ﺗﻜﻮﻧﻲ
ﺳﻴﺪﺓ ﻧﺴﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻌﺎﻟﻤﻴﻦ
ﻭﺳﻴﺪﺓ ﻧﺴﺎﺀ ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻷﻣﺔ ﻭ
ﺳﻴﺪﺓ ﻧﺴﺎﺀ ﺍﻟﻤﺆﻣﻨﻴﻦ
Ayeshah (ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻬﺎ)
narrates that the Holy
Prophet (SAW) said
during the illness in
which he passed away,
“Oh Fatimah (ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﻠﮧ
ﻋﻠﯿﮭﺎ)! Are you not
pleased with the fact
that you are the leader
of the women of all the
worlds, the leader of
the women of this
ummah (nation) and the
leader of the women of
all the believers.”
References
►Nasai, as-Sunan-ul-
kubra (5:146#8517)
►Nasai, as-Sunan-ul-
kubra (4:251#7078)
►Hakim has declared it
sahih (sound) in al-
Mustadrak (3:170#
4740) while Dhahabi has
supported it.
►Ibn Sa‘d, at-Tabaqat-
ul-kubra (2:247,248)
►Ibn Sad, at-Tabaqat-
ul-kubra (8:26,27)
►Ibn Athir, Usad-ul-
ghabah fi-marifah as-
sahabah (7:218)
Fatimah (ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﻠﮧ
ﻋﻠﯿﮭﺎ) is the leader of
women in Paradise
Hadith #4
ﻋﻦ ﺣﺬﻳﻔﺔ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻪ،
ﻗﺎﻝ: ﻗﺎﻝ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ
ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ: ﺇﻥ ﻫﺬﺍ ﻣﻠﻚ
ﻟﻢ ﻳﻨﺰﻝ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ ﻗﻂ ﻗﺒﻞ
ﻫﺬﻩ ﺍﻟﻠﻴﻠﺔ ﺍﺳﺘﺄﺫﻥ ﺭﺑﻪ ﺃﻥ
ﻳﺴﻠﻢ ﻋﻠﻲّ ﻭ ﻳﺒﺸّﺮﻧﻲ ﺑﺄﻥ
ﻓﺎﻃﻤﺔ ﺳﻴﺪﺓ ﻧﺴﺎﺀ ﺃﻫﻞ
ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺔ، ﻭﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻦ
ﻭﺍﻟﺤﺴﻴﻦ ﺳﻴﺪﺍ ﺷﺒﺎﺏ ﺃﻫﻞ
ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺔ
Hudhaifah (RA) narrates
that the Holy Prophet
(SAW) said, “There is
an angel who before
tonight had never come
down to earth, asked
permission from his
Lord to offer slam
(salutations) to me and
to deliver the good
news to me that
Fatimah (ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﻠﮧ
ﻋﻠﯿﮭﺎ) is the leader of
all women of
Paradise and Hasan
(RA) and Husain (RA)
are the leaders of all
the youngsters in
Paradise.”
References
►Tirmidhi, al-Jami-us-
sahih (5:660#3781)
►Nasai, as-Sunan-ul-
kubra
(5:80,95#8298,8365)
►Nasai, Fadhail-us-
sahabah
(p.58,72#193,260)
►Ahmad bin Hambal, al-
Musnad (5:391)
►Ahmad bin Hambal,
Fadail-us-sahabah
(2:788#1406)
►Ibn Abi Shaybah, al-
Musannaf
(6:388#32271)
►Hakim, al-Mustadrak
(3:164#4721,4722)
►Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-
kabir (22:402#1005)
►Bayhaqi, al-Itiqad
(p.328)
►Muhibb Tabari,
Dhakhair-ul-uqba fi-
manaqib dhaw-il-qurba
(p.224)
Hadith #5
ﻋﻦ ﺑﻦ ﻋﺒﺎﺱ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻪ،
ﻗﺎﻝ: ﺧﻂ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ
ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻷﺭﺽ
ﺃﺭﺑﻌﺔ ﺧﻄﻮﻁ. ﻗﺎﻝ: ﺗﺪﺭﻭﻥ
ﻣﺎ ﻫﺬﺍ؟ ﻓﻘﺎﻟﻮﺍ: ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭ
ﺭﺳﻮﻟﻪ ﺃﻋﻠﻢ. ﻓﻘﺎﻝ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ
ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ:
ﺃﻓﻀﻞ ﻧﺴﺎﺀ ﺃﻫﻞ ﺍﻟﺠﻨﺔ :
ﺧﺪﻳﺠﺔ ﺑﻨﺖ ﺧﻮﻳﻠﺪ، ﻭ
ﻓﺎﻃﻤﺔ ﺑﻨﺖ ﻣﺤﻤﺪ، ﻭ ﺁﺳﻴﺔ
ﺑﻨﺖ ﻣﺰﺍﺣﻢ ﺍﻣﺮﺃﺓ ﻓﺮﻋﻮﻥ،
ﻭ ﻣﺮﻳﻢ ﺍﺑﻨﺔ ﻋﻤﺮﺍﻥ ﺭﺿﻲ
ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻬﻦ ﺍﺟﻤﻌﻴﻦ
Abdullah bin Abbas (RA)
narrates that the Holy
Prophet (SAW) drew
four lines in the ground
and asked, “Do you
know what this is?”
The companions replied,
“Allah (SWT) and His
Messenger (SAW) know
better.” Then the Holy
Prophet (SAW) said,
“From the women of
Paradise four are
superior to others :
Khadijah the daughter
of Khuwaylid, Fatimah
the daughter of
Muhammad , Asiyah
the daughter of
Mazahim the wife of
Pharaoh and Maryam
the daughter of Imran
(RA).”
References
►Nasai, Fadail-us-
sahabah
(p.74,76#250,259)
►Nasai, as-Sunan-ul-
kubra
(5:93,94#8355,8364)
►Ahmad bin Hambal, al-
Musnad (1:293,316)
►Ibn Hibban, as-Sahih
(15:470#7010)
►Hakim, al-Mustadrak,
(2:539#3836)
►Hakim, al-Mustadrak
(3:174,205#4754,4852)
►Ahmad bin Hambal,
Fadail-us-sahabah
(2:760,761# 1339)
►Abu Yala, al-Musnad
(5:110#2722)
►Shaybani, al-Aahad
wal-mathani
(5:364#2962)
►Abd bin Humayd, al-
Musnad (1:205#597)
Fatimah (ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﻠﮧ
ﻋﻠﯿﮭﺎ), a part of the
Prophet (SAW)
Hadith #6
ﻋﻦ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﻮﺭ ﺑﻦ ﻣﺨﺮﻣﺔ:
ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻪ: ﺃﻥ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ
ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ
ﻗﺎﻝ: ﻓﺎﻃﻤﺔ ﺑﻀﻌﺔ ﻣﻨﻲ،
ﻓﻤﻦ ﺃﻏﻀﺒﻬﺎ ﺃﻏﻀﺒﻨﻲ
Miswar bin Makhramah
(RA) narrates that the
Messenger of Allah
(SAW) said, “Fatimah
is a part of me.
Therefore,
whosoever angers
her angers me.”
References
►Bukhari, as-Sahih
(3:1361#3510)
►Bukhari, as-Sahih
(3:1374#3556)
►Muslim, as-Sahih
(4:1903#2449)
►Ibn Abi Shaybah
narrated it in al-
Musannaf (6:388#
32269) through Ali (ﻛﺮﻡ
ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻭﺟﻬﻪ)
►Shaybani, al-Aahad
wal-mathani
(5:361#2954)
►Tabarani, al-Mujam-ul-
kabir (22:404#1013)
►Hakim, al-Mustadrak
(3:172#4747)
►Bayhaqi, as-Sunan-ul-
kubra (10:201)
►Daylami, al-Firdaws bi
mathur al-khitab
(3:145#4389)
►Abu Awanah, al-
Musnad (3:70#4233)
Hadith #7
ﻋﻦ ﻋﻠﻲ ﺭﺿﻲ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻨﻪ ﺃﻧﻪ
ﻛﺎﻥ ﻋﻨﺪ ﺭﺳﻮﻝ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﺻﻠﻰ
ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ، ﻓﻘﺎﻝ: ﺃﻱ
ﺷﻲﺀ ﺧﻴﺮ ﻟﻠﻤﺮﺃﺓ؟ ﻓﺴﻜﺘﻮﺍ،
ﻓﻠﻤﺎ ﺭﺟﻌﺖ ﻗﻠﺖ ﻟﻔﺎﻃﻤﺔ: ﺃﻱ
ﺷﻲﺀ ﺧﻴﺮ ﻟﻠﻨﺴﺎﺀ؟ ﻗﺎﻟﺖ ﺃﻻ
ﻳﺮﺍﻫﻦ ﺍﻟﺮﺟﺎﻝ. ﻓﺬﻛﺮﺕ ﺫﻟﻚ
ﻟﻠﻨﺒﻲ ﺻﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﻠﻪ ﻋﻠﻴﻪ ﻭﺳﻠﻢ
ﻓﻘﺎﻝ: ﺇﻧﻤﺎ ﻓﺎﻃﻤﺔ ﺑﻀﻌﺔ
ﻣﻨﻲ
Ali (RA) narrates, “He
was present in the
company of the
Messenger of Allah
(SAW) when the Holy
Prophet (SAW) asked,
‘What is best for a
woman’ on this the
companions remained
quiet. When I returned
home I asked Fatimah,
‘Tell me what is best
for a woman?’ Fatimah
( ﺳﻼﻡ ﺍﻟﻠﮧ ﻋﻠﯿﮭﺎ) replied,
‘It is best for a woman
that no men (i.e. outside
of one’s immediate
family: brothers, father,
uncle, husband, sons)
see her.’ I mentioned
this to the Holy Prophet
(SAW) and he (SAW)
said, ‘Indeed Fatimah is
a part of me.’”
References
►Bazzar, al-Musnad
(2:160#526)
►Haythami, Majma-uz-
zawaid (4:255)
►Haythami, Majma-uz-
zawaid (9:202)
►Abu Nuaym, Hilyat-ul-
awliya wa tabaqat-ul-
asfiya (2:40, 41,175)
►Darqutni, Sualat
Hamzah (p.280#409)

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